What is varicose veins of the lower extremities?
Varicose veins are characterized by incorrect functioning of the valve apparatus of the veins, which leads to their expansion, decreased tone of the vein wall, thinning, deformation of the vein walls. This promotes venous stasis in the legs, is accompanied by characteristic complaints and, if untreated, often leads to serious complications.
What are the reasons for the development of varicose veins?
Varicose veins occur when exposed to risk factors against a background of burdened heredity (the presence of varicose veins in parents, etc.):
more often women suffer
taking hormonal contraceptives
the habit of wearing high-heeled shoes
frequent heavy lifting
In some cases, varicose veins are associated with trauma or venous thrombosis.
What symptoms indicate that you may have a vascular disease and need to seek help from a phlebologist?
If you notice dilated veins or vascular networks on your legs, you are worried about swelling, a feeling of heaviness, leg cramps, especially at the end of the day, you should consult a specialist. The sooner you do this, the easier it will be to cope with the disease and prevent its progression and complications.
What are the modern methods for diagnosing venous diseases?
The most significant diagnostic tool for identifying and assessing the severity of venous lesions is ultrasound diagnostic methods, which are fully presented in our medical centers.
In some cases, it becomes necessary to prescribe magnetic resonance imaging with contrast or phlebography.
What are the current methods of treating varicose veins?
Treatment of varicose veins should be comprehensive! For successful treatment, it is very important to adhere to a healthy lifestyle, if necessary, a course of drug therapy (tablets, ointments, gels) is prescribed. In most cases, the use of compression hosiery is mandatory.
To remove dilated veins and vascular networks, sclerotherapy is used: a medicine is injected into the dilated veins through a very thin needle, which “glues” their lumen, the dilated veins are closed, and gradually dissolve. The procedure is painless because the medicine being administered already contains an anesthetic that acts instantly. To reduce the discomfort during the injection itself, a special analgesic spray is used for patients with increased skin sensitivity.
In cases where sclerotherapy https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sclerotherapy is not enough, surgical treatment is used. We use modern methods in the treatment of varicose veins, including laser surgery. Almost all patients can be helped without incisions or stitches. The operation is painless, takes place under local anesthesia, and patients can immediately leave the medical center. There is no pain after the operation, as a rule, pain relievers are not required. If you are very afraid of the operation, it is possible to carry it out under general anesthesia.