Haemorrhoids

Why does a person need hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are arteriovenous anastomoses that can quickly fill with blood, which leads to a significant increase in their volume and subsequent sealing of the anal canal. This is one of the three components of the mechanism that allows a person to carry out the act of defecation arbitrarily.

What causes hemorrhoids?
There are two main groups of causes leading to hemorrhoids. The first group is the factors leading to increased blood flow to hemorrhoids: alcohol, spicy, sour, salty foods. The second group – these are factors leading to a violation of the outflow of blood from hemorrhoids: constipation, heavy lifting, prolonged sitting position. Hemorrhoids can also occur during pregnancy, since the increasing size of the uterus compresses the veins of the retroperitoneal space, which leads to a violation of the outflow of blood from hemorrhoids.

What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?
The main symptoms of hemorrhoids are bleeding and pain. They can range from minor to severe. In addition, hemorrhoids can manifest individually as either bleeding or pain. Finally, symptoms such as a foreign body sensation in the rectum and a feeling of incomplete emptying after a bowel movement may be present.

Why are hemorrhoids dangerous?
External hemorrhoids rarely pose a serious health hazard; internal hemorrhoids are another matter. The constant prolapse of hemorrhoids and their prolonged presence in the anal canal can lead to such an extremely unpleasant disease as incontinence – a situation in which a person is unable to voluntarily retain intestinal contents.

Can hemorrhoids turn into cancer?
Hemorrhoids never develop into cancer because hemorrhoids are an anatomical defect and cancer is a malignant neoplasm. However, cancer is often very successfully disguised as hemorrhoids, which is the reason for its late detection.

How to cure hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids can be completely cured only by surgery, however, complex conservative therapy is quite capable of leading to a stable remission of this disease, in which the presence of hemorrhoids does not affect the quality of life in any way. No more than a third of all patients are subject to surgical treatment. As a rule, these are patients with internal hemorrhoids 3-4 degree, combined hemorrhoids and hemorrhoids in combination with an anal fissure.

Who Treats Hemorrhoids?
If we consider conservative treatment, then both the Surgeon and the coloProctologist can treat hemorrhoids equally. As for surgical treatment, here the coloproctologist has an advantage as a surgeon who has received additional training in the surgical treatment of diseases of the rectum and perianal region.

Is it possible to cure hemorrhoids https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemorrhoid on your own?
You can try to transfer the disease to the stage of stable clinical remission, but for this you need to be firmly convinced that it is hemorrhoids, and not another disease, and that this is exactly the form of hemorrhoids that is subject to conservative treatment.

It is almost impossible to figure out on your own in all the variety of symptoms accompanying diseases of the rectum and perianal region, so it is better not to risk your health, but to contact a specialist who knows the methods of diagnosis and differential diagnosis of diseases in this area.