Candidiasis (thrush)

Normally, in small quantities, yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida can be present in the body of men and women. However, in the presence of predisposing factors, fungi begin to multiply actively, causing certain inconveniences to humans. There is candidiasis of the mucous membrane of the mouth, genitals, intestines, esophagus.

What contributes to the appearance of candidiasis?

decreased immunity
the patient has a severe underlying disease
oncological diseases
infectious diseases (hepatitis, HIV, etc.)
endocrine diseases (diabetes mellitus, obesity)
pregnancy
the use of medicinal substances (antibiotics, hormones, cytostatics)
wearing uncomfortable underwear
abrupt climate change

Main complaints

Itching and burning in the external genital area, in the vagina, aggravated after sexual intercourse, before menstruation
the appearance of a cheesy, white discharge with an unpleasant odor
redness, swelling of the genital mucosa
may be disturbed by pain when urinating, during intercourse
The spread of this disease during sexual intercourse is possible, through the exchange of microflora.
With candidiasis of the oral cavity, the mucous membranes (cheeks, tongue, gums) acquire a bright, red color, foci of cheesy plaque appear, under which erosion is located.

In order to clarify the disease, the gynecologist may prescribe:

microscopic examination of smear Microscopic examination of scrapings from female genital organs (microbiocenosis, 3 points)
bacteriological culture BP6 Culture on fungi of the genus Candida with determination of sensitivity to antimycotic drugs
smear examination by PCR Candidal vaginitis (Real-time PCR complex)

Sometimes additional examination may be required from such specialists as Endocrinologist (blood sugar control), Gastroenterologist (disruption of the gastrointestinal tract), Urologist.

Prevention of urogenital candidiasis https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaginal_yeast_infection

It is recommended to wear comfortable, not tight, non-chafing underwear that does not lead to the appearance of microcracks, mainly made of cotton.
Compliance with the rules of personal hygiene

Important information:

Antifungal medications are used to effectively treat thrush. Their use should be carried out only if indicated, strictly on the recommendation of a doctor. Self-medication is not recommended. Medicines are selected strictly by a gynecologist, individually for each patient.
It should be remembered that even if the symptoms of thrush disappear after using the drugs, tests should be repeated to exclude the transition of the disease to the chronic phase.
Urogenital candidiasis is acute and chronic. You should not postpone the treatment of thrush and allow the growth of fungi. See an experienced gynecologist right away for any of the symptoms.